Armadale - WA - Clean Energy web page

This web page is to publish some content regarding
clean energy, including (but not limited to) solar power,
relating to Armadale in Western Australia,
to Western Australia,
and, to the whole of Australia

(It may also be of interest, outside Australia)



Posted 25 August 2017

Two new resources that I have found in the last few months, are:

1. A web page that, when it is working properly, shows for each state in Australia, the proportion of electrical energy currently being generated from each of the main generation type sources, with the data being frequently updated (about every ten minutes, or more frequently, is published at
http://reneweconomy.com.au/nem - watch/
I prefer to look at the numbers in the table, rather than the areas of the bar graphs, as the numbers in the table, give a better idea of the values. I note that the values published, are as supplied to the owners and operators of the NEM - watch facility, and therefore, the data published, is only as good as the data that is supplied.

However, when they modified the display to include battery storage, they harmfully disrupted the displaying of the table, so it is now somewhat erratic, in what it displays.

While the displaying of the data, is a bit buggy (it appears to not, as at 18 September 2017, and, for quite a while before this date, be able to handle darkness - when the sun goes down, so does the integrity of the data), and, "sometimes it works, and, sometimes it doesn't" - javascript web pages are unreliable and often harmful, when it does work during daylight hours, the displaying of the data, can be quite useful and interesting.

2. A web page that shows a rough estimate for ideal conditions, of the hourly efficiency due to solar radiation, of photovoltaic electricity generation systems from 1.5 to 10 kilowatt generating capacity, for each state, for the current and following day, is published at
https://www.solarquotes.com.au/solar - panel - efficiency - weather - calculator/
Note: The way that I regard that web page as being most useful, is for estimating between which times, a photovoltaic system is likely to produce higher levels of output, so, for example, I use the system capacity of 10kW, to find the per kW output estimate from the graph, and, estimate, from that, using the orientaion of each system, and, the maximum rated output capacity of each system. I do not use the data published, as an absolute estimate of the quantity of output; I use the hourly estimates for the ideal conditions, to estimate the hours of higher output.

NOTE: Both of those web pages require javascript to be enabled, in order for the web pages to be usefully displayed.
This web site, as with all of my web sites, does not use javascript.

You may be interested in visiting the web page at
http://reneweconomy.com.au
and subscribing to the daily newsletter.

Note: As of 29 November 2017, as the Renew Economy web site publishes public comments which are not moderated, and which have become increasingly offensive, making the Renew Exonomy web site, in my opinion, an offensive publication, I no longer recommend that web site, and, instead, now, recommend staying away from that web site, unless you seek offensive publications.

You may be interested in visiting the web page at
https://www.solarquotes.com.au/blog/
and subscribing to the weekly, daily, or, individual news updates, of that resource.

Posted 22 January 2016

For people who may be unaware of the different names in use, for rooftop photovoltaic electricity generation systems, they are also known as "solar panels", and, "solar electricity systems", and, "solar panels systems", and their purpose is to convert available sunlight (apparently, they do not work with moonlight, which is unfortunate, exspecially on nights with a clear sky and a bright full moon), into usable electricity, that may, when an excess is generated, be input into "the electricity grid", and/or, now that they have apparently been legalised, battery storage systems.

Posted 14 February 2016

At http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016 - 01 - 04/rooftop - solar - panels - bigger - than - biggest - turbine - wa/7066240 at the time of adding this item to this web page, was

"
Rooftop solar producing more energy than WA's biggest turbine

By Anthony Stewart

Updated January 05, 2016 10:52:23

Rooftop solar panels in the South - West Interconnected System (SWIS) in Western Australia are now producing as much energy as the state's largest power turbine, according to research from Curtin University.

SWIS stretches from Kalbarri north of Perth to Ravensthorpe in the state's south, taking in the Perth metropolitan area.

Curtin University sustainability professor Peter Newman said 20 per cent of homes across the grid have rooftop solar panels installed.

"We are in the extraordinary position of saying that Perth [SWIS] now has rooftop solar as the largest supplier of electricity, it's the biggest power station in WA," he said.

"It's nearly 500 megawatts and it's growing rapidly, by 2020 we could have half of Perth's [SWIS] households with rooftop solar."

SWIS, which includes coal, gas, wind and solar generation, has the capacity to produce 5,300 megawatts of power, but it only used roughly two thirds of that at its peak in 2014/2015.

Not including solar, coal makes up about 50 per cent of WA's energy production mix, while gas represents 42 per cent and wind 6.3 per cent.

Professor Newman said the state's electricity utilities needed to rapidly adapt to the growth in solar.

"They didn't predict it, they have all these contracts for coal and gas that go 20 or 30 years and they have even got an old power station out of mothballs, fixed it up, but never turned it on," he said.

"Despite the boom times we actually reduced our power consumption during this period because people are just not needing it if you've got the PV's [photovoltaic] on the roof."

Energy utility Synergy has been contacted for comment.

Batteries to drive solar boom

Rooftop solar's biggest weakness has been its inability to supply power once the sun sets.

This can be addressed with the installation of large battery systems that allow households to store solar energy for use in peak periods.

Clean Energy Council policy manager Darren Gladman said until recently battery storage systems had been too expensive for the average consumer.

He said household batteries would become increasingly common with big producers like billionaire entrepreneur Elon Musk's company Tesla entering the market.

"In 2016 the onset of batteries and entry of Elon Musk to the market is going to really change the way we think about energy," he said.

"We are not just going to think about producing energy from solar, but producing energy and storing it."

Mr Gladman said Australia would become a global leader in the rollout of battery technology.

"Because we've got so many households with solar on the roof, reasonably high power prices and great sun of course, it means we are a prime market," he said.

"So that makes [us] one of first markets the likes of Elon Musk, but also other companies that sell batteries, are targeting."

First posted January 04, 2016 15:17:38
"

Posted 22 January 2016

In the last couple of days, the ABC online news web site has published the news report at http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016 - 01 - 20/tesla - powerwall - solar - battery - system - popular - mandurah - in - lead/7102494?section=wa

One thing that perhaps, does not occur to many people, that had occurred to me, a few weeks ago, is that, regarding the bit in the news report, about reducing the demand for grid electricity, during summer;

"
The burgeoning popularity of rooftop solar is also increasingly reducing peak demand on the electricity network servicing Perth, according to the Australian Energy Market Operator.

Its data shows peak demand on the hottest day in Perth five years ago was 3735 megawatts, reduced by 19MW due to solar PV systems.

In 2013, solar PV reduced peak demand by 84MW on the hottest day of the year, and in 2015 the figure more than doubled to 187MW.
"

is that one probable effect of the uptake of rooftop domestic photovoltaic systems in WA, is that it is now, some years since we had to suffer the rolling electricity blackouts that were imposed because Western Power would not provide sufficient electricity to cope with people going home from work in the summer, and turning on their air - conditioners.

We, the people with the rooftop domestic photovoltaic systems, have apparently overcome the electricity supply shortage that had caused the rolling electricity blackouts in past summers, in WA.

That is simply one of the many benefits of the rooftop domestic photovoltaic systems.

At http://d3bo5ucoqkgs8h.cloudfront.net/uzOHN/1/?abcnewsembedheight=430 is shown that the Armadale postcode, 6112, is the third highest postcode in the state, in terms of the number of small scale (non - commercial) photovoltaic systems installed in 2015, with 603 installations, and, in terms of the generating capacity, again, the third highest, with 2.498MW of generating capacity, installed in those systems.

That the 6112 postcode, is the third highest in the state, for these two ratings, is interesting, given that it is said to be one of the lower socio - economic postcodes in the metropolitan area. Maybe, the greater necessity to be careful with what funds a household has available, has led to wise investment, to reduce ongoing living expenses, by using solar energy, quite apart from the environmental aspect of using clean energy, rather than energy created by burning stuff and causing increasing pollution.

Also, at http://www.cleanenergyregulator.gov.au/RET/Forms - and - resources/Postcode - data - for - small - scale - installations is the information that, for 2015, for the whole of Australia, 130,253 small scale photovoltaic systems were installed, with the cumulative number of such installations, for the country, being 1,498,159, and, those equivalent numbers, respectively, for WA, being 19,055 and 194,472.

Now, a number of aspects to these quantities, arise.

The first, is that, for the numbers of installations in the 2015 calendar year, for both Western Australia, and, for the country as a whole, that involves alot of both Western Australian, and, otherwise Australian, employment, which is good for both the WA and federal economies.

If you visit my residence, you will likely see the sign on the fence, which sign states "Vote Jobs - Vote Solar", and, with 19055 new "small scale" rooftop photovoltaic systems, being shown as having been installed in Western Australia, in the 2015 claendar year, that shows that the installation and use of domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems, provides alot of employment, for alot of people, in Western Australia.

The second aspect to the above data, is that, in terms of WA, which has a state parliament that is hostile to photovoltaic systems, 194,472, as the cumulative number of photovoltaic systems installed, involves alot of voting power, especially when the state parliament considers imposing extra financial penalties on households with domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems.

This is quite apart from the missing quantities of the total available electricity generating capacity, and, at http://www.cleanenergyregulator.gov.au/DocumentAssets/Documents/Postcode%20data%20for%20small - scale%20installations.xls is shown that, for the Armadale postcode of 6112, alone, as at 01/01/2016, the postcode has a generating capacity of 13 MW, from photovoltaic systems.

I have yet to find the total generating capacity, for all of the listed small scale photovoltaic systems in Western Australia, and, when I do find that information, I intend to also publish that information here.

The use of rooftop photovoltaic systems, is an important part of Australia, including but not limited to, the environmental and economic aspects, and, changes need to be implemented, to encourage increasing the usage of rooftop photovoltaic systems.

One of the changes that are needed, for both households who already have rooftop photovoltaic systems, and, for people who may be considering getting installed, rooftop photovoltaic systems, are changes to state and any higher, legislation, including to both planning legislation, and, the notorious tree legislation, so that any property owner who has a tree on the property, is legally and otherwise, responsible and liable for any loss or damage attributable to the tree, including, but not limited to, where the tree casts shadow on a residence on a different property, so as to interfere with the use, or, prospective use, of rooftop photovoltaic electricity generation, and/or, otherwise casts shadow on a residence in a property other than the property on which the tree stands, so as to cause increased energy consumption, such as extra heating being required during colder months, due to shadow being cast by the tree, on the residence, and, similarly, with planning, disallowing building development, including modifications, where such development would cause or increase shadow being cast on a building on a property other than the property on which the building is being developed, similarly, so as to interfere with the use, or, prospective use, of rooftop photovoltaic electricity generation, and/or, otherwise casts shadow on a residence in a property other than the property on which the building is being developed, so as to cause increased energy consumption, such as extra heating being required during colder months, due to shadow being cast by the change caused by the building development, on the residence that is not on the property on which the building being developed, stands.

An advocacy body exists, in the eastern states, regarding solar energy usage. The organisation is named Solar Citizens. It is the owner and supplier of the sign on the fence of my residence. The organisation's web site, is at http://www.solarcitizens.org.au/ .

That web site has an online petition to try to prevent the state parliament from further increasing the financial penalties imposed on households with rooftop photovoltaic systems in Western Australia. Western Australia is shown as having 194 thousand small scale photovoltaic systems installed. Apparently, as at 22 January 2016, only 6700 people have signed the online petition to stop us getting further penalised for doing the right thing. A question is, "How many households with rooftop photovoltaic systems, in Western Australia, are aware of the online petition?"

We need an organisation, such as Solar Citizens, or, a branch of such an organisation, in Western Australia, to advocate for solar energy usage, and, to advocate for increasing solar energy usage, and, other clean energy usage, in this state, and, to be more active, in advocacy in favour of the use of solar energy, and, other clean energy, in this state..

Posted 10 February 2016

In the last few days (and, including today), Perth, Western Australia, has been experiencing a heatwave, which, with the use of air - conditioners, to ameliorate the heat, has lead to record levels of electricty demand, in the heat of the day.

At http://www.solarcitizens.org.au/ - - > http://www.watoday.com.au/wa - news/perth - weather - 42 - degrees - on - monday - sees - city - break - alltime - power - record - 20160208 - gmov9v.html is an article, which includes

"
Later on Tuesday all eyes will be on Western Power, after Perth smashed its power demand peak record on Monday evening.

At 3.30pm Monday, Western Power set a record for demand peak, topping the old mark of 4068 megawatts set in January 2012.

By 5pm, with the temperature still 41.7 degrees, the demand was up to 4264 megawatts. Western Power compared the electricity demand to that associated with Domain Stadium hosting 160 football games.
"

and still, we had no blackouts due to the heatwave.

I had sent an email message to the publisher, advising that I woinder why the article that was published yesterday, did not include reference to the respective amounts of electricty generated, and, input into the grid, from rooftop domestic photovoltaic systems, for the two electricty demand peak times mentioned in the article. I am interested to find wehether I get a reply to that.

Also, at http://www.perthnow.com.au/news/western - australia/perth - heatwave - how - hot - can - it - get - after - 425c - monday/news - story/6d1b9258b19510cc5a84e0c7d37aeb83 was

"
Monday's scorcher produced a record power demand with a peak usage of 4292 megawatts, which smashed the previous January 2012 record.

A Western Power spokesman said it was likely Monday's record will fall today.
"

and

"
Australians must brace for hotter, longer and far more frequent heatwaves thanks to climate change, scientists say.

Leading climate scientists say extreme prolonged heat is becoming the norm in Australia, where the number of annual heatwave days has risen markedly over the past 60 years.

The warning comes after a series of scorching summer heatwaves around the country, including one in Perth where temperatures are expected to stay above 40C until at least Thursday.

Climate scientist Sarah Perkins - Kirkpatrick says the extreme events will only continue to increase.

"Those really rare heatwaves we might have only seen once every 20 years for example, might occur now once every two years," she said on Tuesday.

"They will certainly be occurring lot more often than what they used to had climate change not occurred."

Bureau of Meteorology senior climatologist Blair Trewin agreed, saying there had been a strong increase in weather events involving extreme heat and a decline in the number of extreme cold events.

Dr Perkins - Kirkpatrick said weather data from the past 60 years showed a marked increase in the number of heatwaves.
"

And, at http://www.accuweather.com/en/weather - news/extreme - heat - to - remain - in - pert/55290318 was

"
On Monday, the temperature soared to 42.5 C (108 F) in Perth, which was the hottest February day in the city since 1997, according to the Australian Bureau of Meteorology. Western Power reported that their system usage reached an all - time high of 4,174 megawatts on Monday, breaking the previous record from January 2012.

The extreme heat will continue on Tuesday and Wednesday with highs expected to reach around 43 C (109 F) both days.
"

Given that we have not yet suffered electricity supply blackouts due to overloading due to the heatwave, I am interested to know respective quantities for each of the total amount of electricty generated, and, the amount of electricty input into the grid, from domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems

.

In doing a little bit of research, I had found the web page at http://www.energymatters.com.au/renewable - news/air - conditioning - solar - em4659/ which has

"
Air - Conditioning, Heatwaves And Solar Power
January 27, 2015Energy Matters

There are now around 6.7 million households with air conditioners installed in Australia, compared to only 1.9 million in 1990 - and solar power systems are helping to alleviate the strain the comfort we demand places on electricity networks.

Approximately a quarter of the investment by electricity networks - eleven billion dollars - has gone towards constructing capacity to cope with supplying power to all this air - conditioning on a handful of days each year. A 2kW air conditioner may only cost around $1500 to purchase, but imposes costs on the energy system of up to $7000.

While there may be 6.7 million air - conditioned households across the nation, the number of units is significantly higher as some homes have multiple installations.

An information sheet recently released by the Energy Supply Association of Australia (ESAA) states that on a typical January day, operational demand in Victoria reaches around 6,643MW. When heat waves hit, this already high level goes through the roof. For example, on January 29, 2009, operational demand reached 10,576 MW.

Another sizzling day was on January 16, 2014 when demand reached 10,307 MW.

But why was it less in 2014 given there would have been substantial growth in air - conditioners between 2009 and 2012?

Part of the answer has to do with solar panels.

During the 2014 heat event, solar accounted for around 4.5 per cent of generation during the time of peak demand in SA and 2.4 per cent in Victoria.

"This means total peak electricity demand in both states was almost certainly significantly higher in January 2014 than the all - time record, but the effect of increased penetration of solar was to keep demand below the levels of demand set in 2009," says the ESAA.

Not only did solar power help lighten the load on electricity infrastructure, it did so incredibly cheaply too. Peak power plants supply electricity at short notice; but the electricity generated is very expensive, costing up to $12,500 per megawatt - hour - $12.50 per kilowatt - hour wholesale.

The solar revolution is also changing the timing of peak demand; particularly in South Australia. While Queensland has the most solar capacity installed, South Australia has the highest penetration rate of solar panels in Australia, with a quarter of the state's homes having solar panels.

In South Australia, peak demand time is being pushed deeper into the evening. Over the last couple of years, peak demand has shifted from 5 - 5.30pm to 6:00 PM and 7 PM respectively.

ESAA's Heatwaves And Electricity Supply factsheet can be viewed here (PDF). The ESAA is the peak industry body representing the stationary energy sector in Australia.
"

I looked at the ESAA document, and, downloaded a copy, and, in an email message that I sent to the contact person for the document, I asked why the document did not include respective information for Western Australia, and, whether a current, or, more recent, updated version of the document, would be available.

The document is interesting, and it is worth reading, but, a newer version, to both bring the content up rto date, and, to include alll of the states, is needed.

Unfortunately, my email message to the contact person regarding the document, bounced, as "addressee unknown" , and, subsequent investigation revealed, on the still operational (and, now, out of date) web site for the ESAA;

"
From 1 January 2016, the esaa secretariat will no longer operate. The change follows a decision by the member companies of the esaa, Energy Retailers Association of Australia (ERAA), the Energy Networks Association (ENA) and Grid Australia to reorganise and rationalise their representative associations to better reflect the changes underway in the energy industry.
"

So, the ESAA has gone. I note that its board included a representative from Synergy, which has an aversion to domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems.

Now, in the context of all of this, I revisited a copy of the document cited above, as being published at http://www.cleanenergyregulator.gov.au/DocumentAssets/Documents/Postcode%20data%20for%20small - scale%20installations.xls and, it occurred to me that, by using what little spreadsheet skills I remember, given that the postcodes for Western Australia, are, to my knowledge, the 6000 to 6999 range of postcodes, which occupy rows 2222 to 2651 of that spreadsheet, and, given that the column BA of the spereadsheet, has the heading "SGU Total Output in kW Total, I obtained a sum of the values of the cells in that column, for rows 222 to 2651, inclusive, and got a total, for the total rated output for small photovoltaic systems, for Western Australia, as at the end of 2015, of just over 535MW, which, to me, is a phenomenal amount of electricity.

Now, I realise that, from my understanding of the way that photovoltaic panels work, the efficiency may drop slightly, as the ambient heat increases, but, it appears to me, likely that, when the record electricity demand occurred, we people with domestic rooftop photovoltaic panels, were likely contributing about 10% of the electricity supply, including both to ourselves and the grid, avoiding the need for electricity supply blackouts due to record peak demand for electricity, due to the heat.

I have today, found the existence of an organisation in Australia, named the Australian Solar Council, which includes solar energy equipment providers, as well as individuals, as its members, and, that organisation has the published objective; "The Australian Solar Council exists to promote scientific, social and economic development through the environmentally sound use of solar energy.". But, on their web site, I found no information resemblig what I have published above. And, while that organisation apparently has a WA chapter (for which, the web page has apparently not been updated since 2011 (as at the time of me writing this, on 10 February 2016) ), once again, the web site does not include any information about the number of domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems (classed above, by the spreadsheet cited, as "SGU's", I believe), installed in Westewrn Australia, by postcode, and, for the whole state, and, neither, for those two instances, does that web site include (that I could find), publication of the total possible generating capacity, of domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems. And, especially, the web site makes no reference (that I found) to the current heatwave in Perth, and the resultant record electricity demand, and the impact of the domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems (and all of the photovoltaic systems) that are installed, on the demand for grid electricity, and, the alleviation of the need for electricity supply blackouts, due to the use of the photovoltaic systems. So, I call on the Australian Solar Council, to make its web site more functional (instead of the "froth and bubbles", that it is, and, publish pertinent information, that is kept as up to date as possibl;e, about the status and benefit of photovoltaic systems (in addition to other solar energy usage, such as solar hot water systems. The organisation is apparently, a big and rich organisation, but, it appears to be missing its point, by its web site not being as functional and informative, as it should and could be.

And, with a federal election due in 2016, and, a state election (for WA) due in 2017, we need a npolitical party that will start to do the right thing, like the federal government, through a Clean Energy Finance Corporation, offering interest - free loans to householders, to install photovoltaic systems and storage batteries.

And, the state parliament should ensure that, given that people who have photovoltaic systems installed, are required to have installed, with a fee, "bi - directional" electricity meters, people who have photovoltaic systems installed and in use, are only charged for net electricty usage for all electricity bills; so that the "bi - directional meters" are used to determine the ifference between the energy rtaken from the grid, and, the energy put into the grid, and people are only charged for the difference, with the amount of benefit (currently about 7 cents per kilowatt - hour), paid wehn the net difference, is a surplus; when the electricity put into the grid, exceeds the electricity taken from the grid, with this applying for the billing cycle. After all, that is what we signed up for, but, Synergy concealed and changed the contract that we accepted when we got photovoltaic systems installed, to deprive us of what we siugned up for. That needs to be fixed - both, so that people who have phovoltaic systems, have a hard copy of what they are signed up for (other finance companies, have to provide that, but, not Synergy...), and, so that the "bi - directional meters" that we are required to pay to have installed, actually do what they are supposed to do, according to their name.

And, this is inaddition to fixng the Tree Act, and, planning laws, so that a person or body, can not be allowed to inhibit or obstruct the acces of another property, to solar energy.

Posted 12 February 2016

Statistics as at 12 February 2016

I have just revisited the spreadsheet published at http://www.cleanenergyregulator.gov.au/DocumentAssets/Documents/Postcode%20data%20for%20small - scale%20installations.xls and I found some data for January 2016, and so I extracted the following data.

For Armadale 6112, Western Australia, in January 2016, 40 new domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems are shown as being installed, with a rated generating capacity of 158kW, giving a cumulative total of 4940 domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems installed in the 6112 postcode, with a rated generating capacity of 13.2MW.

For Western Australia (postcodes 6000 to 6999), in January 2016, 900 new domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems are shown as being installed, with a rated generating capacity of 4.2MW, giving a cumulative total of 196,176 domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems installed in the state, with a generating capacity of 543.8MW.

Posted 12 March 2016

Statistics as at 12 March 2016

I have just revisited the spreadsheet published at http://www.cleanenergyregulator.gov.au/DocumentAssets/Documents/Postcode%20data%20for%20small - scale%20installations.xls and I found some data for February 2016, and so I extracted the following data.

For Armadale 6112, Western Australia, in February 2016, 35 new domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems are shown as being installed, with a rated generating capacity of 125kW, giving a cumulative total of 5002 domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems installed in the 6112 postcode, with a rated generating capacity of 13.48MW.

For Western Australia (postcodes 6000 to 6999), in February 2016, 970 new domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems are shown as being installed, with a rated generating capacity of 4.357MW, giving a cumulative total of 197,840 domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems installed in the state, with a generating capacity of 551.47MW.

For the whole of Australia (all postcodes listed), in February 2016, 4,842 new domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems are shown as being installed, with a rated generating capacity of 23.745MW, giving a cumulative total of 1,517,576 domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems installed in the whole of Australia, with a generating capacity of 4,756,566MW.

Posted 16 June 2016

At http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016 - 06 - 15/higher - renewable - target - will - create - jobs: - report/7512928 at the time of adding this item to this web page, was

"
Renewable energy target of 50 per cent would create 28,000 jobs, says Climate Council report
By Lucy Carter
Posted June 15, 2016 15:04:36

If Australia's renewable energy target was changed to 50 per cent by 2030, 28,000 jobs would be created, according to a report released today by the Climate Council.

CEO Amanda McKenzie said the report looked at economic modelling and compared Australia's current trajectory of 34 per cent renewable energy by 2030, to a future where 50 per cent of the nation's energy came from renewable sources.

"So nationwide if we had a 50 per cent renewable energy by 2030, there would be 28,000 new jobs.

"And the story's the same across the country in every state and in rural and regional Australia."

The modelling was carried out by independent analysts Ernst and Young and indicated that many people in coal industry jobs could be retrained and redeployed.

Ms McKenzie said Australia was the "sunniest country in the world and one of the windiest," so there were opportunities for renewable energy across the country.

"But for communities like the Hunter Valley or the Latrobe Valley in Victoria, we need to make sure that the transition away from coal to renewable energy is planned and there is a clear repurposing of roles in those areas," she said.

She said while the renewable energy options were there, the question of ensuring the policy setting was right was important.

"The good news is that rooftop solar PV, for instance, is jobs that would already exist in the area that people live and work today," Ms McKenzie said.

"There's also then jobs in regional and rural Australia with large scale renewable energy, and that sends construction operation maintenance of those plants in the longer term.

"So there is a huge potential for jobs in a whole range of areas around Australia."

Key points:

Report says people in coal industry jobs could be retrained
There are opportunities for renewable energy across Australia
Clean Energy Council says policy settings must be right to ensure jobs
Political support was "essential" to ensure growth in industry
"

Posted 16 June 2016

Statistics as at 16 June 2016

I have just revisited the spreadsheet published at http://www.cleanenergyregulator.gov.au/DocumentAssets/Documents/Postcode%20data%20for%20small - scale%20installations.xls and I found some data for March, April, and May 2016, and so I extracted the following data.

For Armadale 6112, Western Australia, in March, April, and May 2016, 20 new domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems are shown as being installed, with a rated generating capacity of 119kW. for March, 10 new domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems are shown as being installed, with a rated generating capacity of 59kW. for April. and, 13 new domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems are shown as being installed, with a rated generating capacity of 86kW. for May, giving a cumulative total of 5187 domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems installed in the 6112 postcode, with a rated generating capacity of 14.35MW.

For Western Australia (postcodes 6000 to 6999), in March, April, and May 2016, 1657 new domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems are shown as being installed, with a rated generating capacity of 8.316MW. for March, 1444 new domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems are shown as being installed, with a rated generating capacity of 7.069MW. for April. and, 1083 new domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems are shown as being installed, with a rated generating capacity of 5.149MW. for May, giving a cumulative total of 203,541 domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems installed in the state, with a generating capacity of 579.20MW.

For the whole of Australia (all postcodes listed), in March, April, and May 2016, 9446 new domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems are shown as being installed, with a rated generating capacity of 48.347MW. for March, 7633 new domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems are shown as being installed, with a rated generating capacity of 38.897MW. for April. and, 4965 new domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems are shown as being installed, with a rated generating capacity of 25.372MW. for May, giving a cumulative total of 1,548,345 domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems installed in the whole of Australia, with a generating capacity of 4,916,271MW.

Note: The quantities for the March and April months, will seem disproportionately greater, as, with my retrieving the data later than usual, for those respective months, the data from the source, will me more complete, as mentioned below.



Think of all of the employment that is involved, in installing so many domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems.



Please note: Regarding information extracted from the spreadsheet published at http://www.cleanenergyregulator.gov.au/DocumentAssets/Documents/Postcode%20data%20for%20small - scale%20installations.xls , that the data stated here, is as at the time of the data extraction, and, so, if cumulative totals to dot appear to correspond with previous cumulative totals plus increments, and, if data extracted at a particular time (/date), are not the same as the data for the criteria, at a later date, it may be due to the records at the source; the Clean Energy Regulator, having been progressively updated, due to an ongoing flow of paperwork, and thence, data, into the Clean Energy Regulator. So, the data that I post here, is the data that I have viewed as at the date and time of me extracting that data, and, it may change, as the Clean Energy Regulator updates its records, due to incoming data.

Added 04 September2017

The following is content from an email message that I sent on 03 September 2017, to Tim Clifford, member of the Western Australian state upper house of parliament (the legislative council), as he represents the Greens party in the upper house, and is a member for the East Metropolitan Region, of which Armadale is a part.

"
I am one of your constituents, living in Armadale, which is within the East Metropolitan Region.

You represent the Greens Party in Western Australia.

In the document published as your "Inaugural Speech", is

"
We live in a privileged country with immense resources and incredible talent. We should be the envy of the world in relation to our approach to reducing carbon emissions, and yet Australia is one of the world's biggest carbon emitters. Our level of carbon pollution per capita is nearly double the average of what other developed nations are emitting today,and more than four times the world average. In Western Australia we emit 86 million tonnes of carbon dioxide every year. This is the equivalent of 18 million cars on the road every year.We need our young people, our brightest minds and our sharpest entrepreneurs operating in a policy environment that encourages innovation, and we need our government to truly listen and implement these good ideas. We need to be living in a state where people can store energy generated from rooftop solar panels. That energy would be put into batteries in their own homes and provide excess unused power back to the grid so that other people could use that energy. We must focus on structural incentives to continue to foster and grow consumer - led decentralised energy generation, whereby households harness their own renewable energy and sell it to their neighbours, providing a choice for consumers. We need our state's energy market to be economically sound and to operate in a way that reduces emissions and lowers our carbon footprint. We need to make sure that the cheapest renewable energy options are available for all and that electricity is charged at an appropriate rate so that those most at risk are not disadvantaged. We cannot keep subsidising dirty energy. This is a cycle that needs to be broken. We need strategies that support low income earners to pay for solar installation and battery storage solutions for their homes. Western Australia has just nine per cent renewable energy in its power mix. Over eight years, the Barnett government hampered construction of renewable energy projects in the state. We must turn this around. The Greens look forward to seeing the new Labor government take up this important and urgent challenge. We need to improve our performance. We need to encourage the market to invest. Currently, there are 3 900 megawatts of renewable energy projects in the pipeline across Australia to meet the Large - scale Renewable Energy Target. Embarrassingly, only 180 megawatts of these are in Western Australia.
"

I have a web page published at http://www.armadale - wa.net/clean - energy.html that I ask you to read and consider.

Now, regarding the question that I ask you to ask as Question Without Notice, in the Legislative Council, I refer you to the web pages at
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017 - 09 - 03/new - marina - to - be - built - at - ocean - reef/8868008 and
http://www.bbc.com/news/business - 41122433
which web pages, I ask you to read and consider.
I ask you then, to put the Question Without Notice, in the Legislative Council, to the person representing the state premier;
"With the news reported that the state government intends to spend $120 million of taxpayers' money, on building a new marina at Ocean Reef, to benefit the ostentatiously rich, justifying the expenditure of taxpayers' money, with

"
Mr McGowan said the development was justified, despite the state's finances looking bleak.

"The budget is in a bad state and we have to manage that at the same time we have to create jobs so it's a balancing act," he said.

"This is capital works, long - term tourism infrastructure, delivers hundreds if not thousands of jobs and further investment. "

, and, given that, in the UK, social housing, the equivalent of state housing in Western Australia, is to be provided with domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems, with

"
The panels, which will be free to tenants, are expected to cut hundreds of pounds from energy bills, according to the UK firm Solarplicity.

The first people to benefit from the scheme include residents of a sheltered retirement home in Ealing, west London.

Speaking at the site, International Trade minister Greg Hands said: "This initial £160m capital expenditure programme will deliver massive benefits to some of the UK's poorest households.

"As well as creating 1,000 jobs and delivering cheaper energy bills for up to 800,000 homes, it shows yet another vote of confidence in the UK as a place to invest and do business."
"

will the government please explain why it is using taxpayers' funds, to benefit the ostentatiously rich, instead of using taxpayers' funds to provide benefit to the less well off in the state, by paying for the installation of domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems on all state housing properties in the state, and thence, enhancing the use of clean energy in Western Australia and increasing employment in the clean energy sector, or, does the government intend to continue the policy of the previous government, and, of the federal government, in benefiting the rich, while showing contempt for the environment?
"

Supplementary question:

"As the government clearly, like the previous government and the federal government, has money to spare on ostentatious projects for the benefit of the ostentatiously rich, thence increasing damage to the environment, will the government fund interest - free financing for owner - occupier householders to install domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems and associated storage batteries, throughout the state?"

Please ask these questions in the legislative Council, and, advise of the answers, both publicly and direct to me.

Thank you in anticipation.
"

It will be interesting to see what, if anything, comes of my having sent that email request.

Added 08 September 2017 - addendum to the item immediately above

At https://www.solarquotes.com.au/blog/sunnysavers - public - housing - solar - mb0199/
is a report that the Queensland state government will be trialling the installation of domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems on state housing accommodation;

"
Solar power systems, digital meters and an online portal service will be provided at no cost, with the tenants purchasing the electricity generated by the solar panels at a cheaper cost than power from the mains grid.
"
and "
The trial was originally announced in March this year and will go beyond Cairns and Rockhampton. In total, up to six megawatts of solar capacity will be installed on up to 4000 detached government - owned dwellings across the state
"

Such an investment would be a far better use of Western Australian taxpayers' money, than building a new marina that provides benefits to only the ostentatiously rich, with the increased motor boat traffic from the new marina, causing further damage to the environment. And, the investment in new domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems installations, apart from helping the environment, and, helping the less well of people who need to live in state housing, increases employment in the clean energy sector. If only Western Australia would have responsible government.



Added 08 September 2017 - The Australian Prime Minister shows that only clean energy is worthwhile

Yes, folks, the Australian prime minister has made clear that he has no confidence in combustion fuelled, or, even more dangerous, nuclear, electricity generation, and that clean energy generation backed up with storage batteries, is the only way to go.

At http://reneweconomy.com.au/turnbulls - rooftop - pv - and - storage - may - be - more - useful - to - grid - than - liddell - 72194/ ,
as viewed at 1416 WST on 08 September 2017, was
"
Prime minister Malcolm Turnbull is mighty proud of the upgraded rooftop solar array and battery storage system that he had installed in his Point Piper harbourside mansion in Sydney earlier this year.

Apparently the brainchild of his "energy - aware" son Alex - as Turnbull put it in a radio interview on Thursday - the 14kW of rooftop solar and 14kwh of battery storage means that the Point Piper house doesn't draw any energy from the grid for much of the day.
"

and
"
"...and we had solar panels for a long time," Turnbull told 3AW's Neil Mitchell in an interview.

"We got some new ones recently and a battery and that's certainly meant that for much of the day, even with the big power demand we have there (increased by his heightened security protection), we're actually not drawing any electricity from the grid."
"

and
"
The Australian Energy Market Operator's assessment of short and medium term energy needs - the cause of this sudden interest in prolonging the life of a 50 - year coal generator - says rooftop solar PV is going to play a critical role in minimizing outages.

First of all, rooftop solar will offset projected increases in demand caused by a growing population, economic growth and the increase in appliances and air conditioning. It predicts strong growth of rooftop PV coupled with battery storage, especially after 2019/20 in NSW.
"

And, linked from that report, at
http://reneweconomy.com.au/malcolm - turnbull - has - battery - storage - installed - in - point - piper - home - 54504/ ,
as viewed at 1416 WST on 08 September 2017, was
"
By Giles Parkinson on 13 February 2017

New South Wales residents were spared rolling outages in the weekend's heatwave, but if the lights had gone out in Pt Piper, Malcolm Turnbull just might have been able to stay cool: that's because the PM's harbourside property now has battery storage.

RenewEconomy on Monday confirmed with the PM's office that a battery storage device was installed in Turnbull's private property late last year. It is believed to be 14kWh of LG Chem lithium - ion battery, to complement his rooftop solar array previously installed and recently upgraded to 14kW.

That battery storage - depending on its configuration, and the choice of inverter - might be able to provide back - up to keep the lights and many other appliances on in the event of any blackouts in coal - dependent NSW.

It could also help the multi - millionarie save a few dollars a day by storing the output of his solar array for use in the evening, particularly after the loss of any premium solar tariffs he may have had.

In the case of forced rolling blackouts, a waterside suburb like Point Piper would be a sensible choice for the "load shedding", given that the temperatures are likely to be significantly below inland suburbs.

The installation of battery storage into his home highlights the incredibly conflicting signals from Turnbull, a man who once spoke glowingly about 100 per cent renewable energy goals.
"

and
"
Millions of Australians understand that this is the future - and like Turnbull - are looking to install battery storage. Perhaps the biggest question is whether Turnbull will grow as frustrated as other citizens over the lack of political direction and rising costs of grid power and join Greens leader Richard di Natale - and thousands of others - in going off - grid!
"

and
"Update: the PM' (sic) office informs us he has 14kW rooftop solar PV and 14kWh of battery storage. We have updated story to reflect that. A bit more and the PM could go off - grid!"

And, because Malcolm Turnbull is so filthy rich, he could afford to do all of that, without drawing on his fortune in the Cayman Islands.

Now, if only he would commission the Clean Energy Finance Commission to provide interest - free loans to owner - occupier householders, who are now struggling to feed our households, let alone pay electricity bills for filthy electricity generated from combustion, with the interest - free loans to enable owner - occupier householders to have installed on our houses, similar clean energy power plants, to what Malcolm Turnbull has, the country and its people, would be better off, and, the world would be better off, having much less poison deliberately put into the air from combustion fuelled electricity generation.

I note that, here in Western Australia, where authorisations for the installation of domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems, and similar generating capacity wind turbine electricity generation, are controlled by the electricity companies that use combustion - fuelled electricity generation, we are restricted to 5kW of maximum possible generating capacity, for domestic clean energy electricity generation, and, as the authorisation process is controlled by the electricity companies that use combustion - fuelled electricity generation, storage batteries are classed as electrical generators, and so we are restricted from the installation and use of electricity storage batteries, in addition to being restricted in the installation and use of clean generation of electricity.

If consumer protection applied to the supply of utilities such as electricity, these restrictions would, or, should, be classed as unconscionable trading practices.



Added 08 September2017 - August 2017 was "Bumper" month for photovoltaic installations

At
http://reneweconomy.com.au/australia - installs - 98mw - rooftop - solar - august - soaring - 6gw - total - 11522/ ,
as viewed on 08 September 2017, was
"
Australian homes and businesses installed a total of 98MW of rooftop solar in August, delivering one of the strongest months on record, extending a record level for the year - to - date, and taking Australia's grand total of small scale rooftop PV above the 6GW milestone.

According to the latest monthly data from industry analysts SunWiz, the rooftop solar "installation party" is still well underway, and its happening in all states of Australia, simultaneously, with the exception of WA.

"Our Tally is currently sitting at 6.5GW of PV, with 6GW of that being sub - 100kW," the SunWiz Australian PV Market Insights report for August says.

"August 2017 was the biggest ever August for registration volume," the report says. "We remain 47 per cent ahead of the same time last year, and this continues to be the best ever start to the year," putting the market three months ahead of both 2015 and 2016.
"

and
"
In New South Wales, August continues the state's best ever start to a second half, with total installed volume for the month climbing to 24MW, not far off its peak 'ever' volume. Growth is coming in the commercial 50 - 75kW bracket, the report says.

In Queensland, the volume recovered to 26MW, with an increasing share in the 6 - 10kW segment putting the Sunshine State 58 per cent ahead of the YTD for the same time last year.

Victoria climbed to 18MW, and continued strong growth in commercial PV volume to now represent 40 per cent of total volume, an noted above. The state's 75 - 100kW segment is leading the way, says the report, and has boosted the average solar system size to 6.8kW.

South Australia installed a total of 9MW, at a steady average system size, putting the state 42 per cent ahead of YTD last year.

In Western Australia, volume reached 16MW, giving the state its best ever monthly volumes and best ever year to date. WA is 52 per cent ahead of last year's figures.

On the recent fall in STC prices, SunWiz says this will affect all systems equally, "meaning cheaper priced systems face a greater percentage price increase, which should narrow the percentage price gap with high quality systems.

"Countering this is the 'what I can afford for a fixed budget' which will push people further towards cheaper (or smaller) systems," the report says.
"



Added 18 September 2017

I have contacted Synergy SolarReturn, and have been advised that
1. Having 5kW of domestic rooftop photovoltaic generating capacity on a single phase electricity supply (with Synergy) does not preclude having storage batteries added to, or included in, a system, as storage batteries are "not regarded as renewable energy generation", and
2. any additions to household domestic rooftop photovoltaic generating systems, including adding extra panels, replacing inverters (to incorporate hybrid inverters to allow connection with storage batteries, etc), and adding storage batteries, according to the regulations, requires that whatever company does the additions or modifications to the existing system, assumes, by virtue of performing the additions/alterations, subsequent responsibility for the whole of the system(s) upon which they work and, therefore,
3. any additions to household domestic rooftop photovoltaic generating systems, including adding extra panels, replacing inverters (to incorporate hybrid inverters to allow connection with storage batteries, etc), and adding storage batteries, will not be done with systems that are more than one or two years old, without replacing the existing systems, including the mounting framework for the panels.

For example, with our household, with two inverters incorporated within two domestic rooftop photovoltaic generating systems, with a nominal output of 5kW, to add a storage battery, and/or to add extra panels, even a single panel, would require replacement of all of the domestic rooftop photovoltaic generating equipment, even the racking, as our systems are about 4 years old, and, any additions/modifications, need to be done within a year of the initial installation.

So, people who have systems that are more than about a year old, like us, need to wait until the systems fail and need replacing, before any additions/modifications are made.

"Such is life."



Added 07 September 2017 - Getting Solar Electricity Systems;
Solar Panels, Domestic Rooftop Photovoltaic Systems, Installed

A person looking at the roof of our home, will see that we have two domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems, totalling about 5kW of maximum possible generating capacity. These were supplied and installed at about the end of 2013 / start of 2014. They were supplied and installed by a company named Express Solar. The web page published at
http://diamondenergy.com.au/express - solar - customers/
and the linked document, show that Express Solar has been liquidated as of June 2017. Despite the documentation published there, claiming that customers of Experess Solar, would be contacted, within "the next few weeks" of the start of June, 2017, we have not been contacted about this. The company that took over the remnants of Express Solar; Diamond Energy, has been sent an email query about this, with questions such as what now happens regarding warranty coverage on the systems supplied and installed by Express Solar. I am awaiting a response. Diamond Energy, unlike Express Solar, appears to have no presence or representation, in Western Australia. I note that the web site for Diamond Energy, does not state that Diamond Energy is a CEC accredited retailer.
See
https://www.solarquotes.com.au/blog/cec - installers - retailers - members ,
and,
https://www.solaraccreditation.com.au/retailers/approved - solar - retailers.html .
The bottom line is that, whilst our systems, and, the installations, seem to be okay, so far, as the company that was responsible, has disappeared, possibly along with any warranty coverage, I believe, now that I know that the accreditation exists, that using a Clean Energy Council Approved Solar Retailer, would be a far safer option.

- Update to item, added 18 September 2017 - the email message sent to the published contact email address for Diamond Energy, for queries regarding Express Solar, has bounced, with the error message "User unknown", so, Diamond Energy appears to have also, disappeared.



Added 16 November 2017

At
http://reneweconomy.com.au/canberra - homes - battle - energy - champions - 47906/
as viewed at 1816WST (UTC+0800) on 16 November 2017, was

" The ACT Government's Next Generation Storage Grants program aims to facilitate the uptake of battery storage in the ACT. The program will support the roll - out of around 36MW of distributed battery storage in more than 5000 homes and businesses by 2020. This is one of the largest roll - outs of distributed solar battery storage technology in the world.

The ACT Government is collecting data from each battery installed under the program. Data collected is being used for research purposes and to help position Canberra as a global leader in renewable energy innovation.

If you are a resident of the ACT you may be eligible for subsidised [energy storage/battery storage/solar storage] under the ACT Government's Next Generation Energy Storage Program.
"

And, at https://www.solarquotes.com.au/blog/battery - grants - queensland - mb0309/
as viewed at 1845WST (UTC+0800) on 16 November 2017, was

"
Among its policy priority recommendations ahead of Queensland's election, the Clean Energy Council has suggested a small battery grants scheme and other actions to support energy storage be implemented in the state.

The CEC says the state is ideally positioned to play a leading role in the Australia's battery energy storage industry and can capitalise on its opportunities. "

Australia needs for householders to be provided with grants and/or interest - free loans, to facilitate the installation and usage of domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems and associated battery storage, to both prevent or minimise disruption from electricity supply failures/("outages")/blackouts, and, to provide smoothing of demand of electricity, in addition to the benefits of clean electricity production, to kill less people from coal powered electricity generation, and, to reduce household living expenses in a country where widespread poverty is significantly increasing.

In the report published at
https://www.solarquotes.com.au/blog/india - delhi - pollution - mb0296/
as viewed at 1816WST (UTC+0800) on 16 November 2017, was

"With regard to coal specifically, it has been reported to be responsible for an estimated 80,000 to 115,000 premature deaths in India annually."

Also, of note, is that, at https://www.solarquotes.com.au/blog/coal - power - kills - mb0125/
as viewed at 1840WST (UTC+0800) on 16 November 2017, included

" The current and future impacts of climate change and its contribution to any death toll aside, coal is already doing very well at knocking off humanity in other ways. According to EndCoal, burning the little black (or brown) rock is responsible for more than 800,000 premature deaths annually around the world - just through air pollution.

In China - approximately 670,000 people die prematurely per year.
In India - estimated 80,000 to 115,000 premature deaths annually.
In the USA - approximately 13,000 people a year.
In Europe - 23,300 deaths annually.

Added to this toll are the millions of coal - related illnesses that create misery and impact on economies heavily.

A 2014 report from the Climate Council stated the adverse impacts from pollutants produced from coal - fired electricity generation in Australia cost this nation an estimated A$2.6 billion annually. Those figures related to a period when coal was still pretty much an unchallenged king in this country.
"

So, the question should be asked; how many people are being deliberately killed, each year, by the Australian state and federal governments, due to the mining and burning of coal?

And, the question should also be asked, as to why the members of the Australian parliaments responsible for allowing coal to be mined and burned, are not being prosecuted in the International Court Of Justice, for their crimes against humanity, in deliberately causing the deaths of these people?



Added 17 November 2017

At
http://www.bbc.com/news/science - environment - 42014244
as viewed at 0230WST (UTC+0800) on 17 November 2017, was

"
The UK and Canada have launched a global alliance of 20 countries committed to phasing out coal for energy production.

Members including France, Finland and Mexico, say they will end the use of coal before 2030.
"

and

" Already, the move away from coal in the UK has been rapid. Around 40% of electricity was still being generated from coal in 2012 but in April this year the UK had its first full day without coal power in 135 years.

"We have not sacrificed growth," said Claire Perry, the UK's minister for climate change and industry.

"Since 1990 Britain has cut its emissions buy 42% and our economy has grown by 67%, that's the best performance in the G7 so this is not something that's a win - lose, it's a win - win situation."
"

And at
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017 - 11 - 17/20 - countries - have - signed - up - to - phase - out - coal - power - by - 2030/9161056
as viewed at 1730WST (UTC+0800) on 17 November 2017, was

"
Twenty countries including Britain, Canada and New Zealand have joined an international alliance to phase out coal from power generation before 2030.

The Powering Past Coal Alliance was unveiled at the COP23 climate talks in Bonn, Germany, which were working out the technical details of the 2015 Paris Agreement.

"I think we can safely say that the response has been overwhelming," Canadian Environment Minister Catherine McKenna said.

"There is so much momentum, there is so much ambition in this room."

The alliance, which isn't legally binding, was launched days after a pro - coal presentation by the Trump administration jarred with many ministers who wanted the talks to focus on cleaner energy sources.

Included countries:
Angola
Austria
Belgium
Britain
Canada
Costa Rica
Denmark
El Salvador
Fiji
Finland
France
Italy
Luxembourg
The Marshall Islands
Mexico
The Netherlands
New Zealand
Niue
Portugal
Switzerland

Australia isn't part of the alliance
"

and

"
Coal is responsible for more than 40 per cent of global emissions of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide.

"Around the world we see close to a million deaths a year from air pollution created by burning coal," Ms McKenna said.

"Not only is there a human cost, there is also a huge economic cost totalling billions of dollars a year."
"

and

"The US states of Washington and Oregon have already signed up to the Power Past Coal Alliance."

As was (I believe) said, at the start of each episode of "The Six Million Dollar Man", from the 1970s,
"We have the resources. We have the technology."

But, unfortunately, in Australia, we have the LNP (Lunatic Neanderthal Parasites) feral government, that has the policy "Let them eat coal", and, is adamant that more coal needs to be mined, and, more coal power stations built, and, more electricity generation needs to be created using only the burning of coal, so that many more people can be deliberately poisoned and killed by the Australian parliaments.

"Coal - the Australian weapon of mass destruction"

Given that two USA states are named as having already signed up to the Power Past Coal Alliance, the question should be asked;
what, if any, Australian states will follow suit, and, also sign up to the alliance, and, sincerely act to end the use of combustion in generating electricity, completely replacing combustion - powered electricity generation, with clean electricity generation, by 2030?



Added 17 November2017

Here is a presentation of data for "small scale installations" (to which I would probably refer, as domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems installations) for the month of October 2017.

At
http://www.cleanenergyregulator.gov.au/PublishingImages/SRES%20media%20resource/October%202017/SRES-Map-Media-Update.jpg
as viewed at 1400WST (UTC+0800) on 17 November 2017,
is shown that for October 2017, in Australia, for "small scale installations" (<=10kW),
in
WA 1857 systems were installed, with a total generating capacity of 9025kW
NT 75 systems were installed, with a total generating capacity of 446kW
SA 717 systems were installed, with a total generating capacity of 4735kW
Qld 1911 systems were installed, with a total generating capacity of 10667kW
ACT 68 systems were installed, with a total generating capacity of 343kW
NSW 1679 systems were installed, with a total generating capacity of 8274kW
Vic 977 systems were installed, with a total generating capacity of 3961kW
Tas 128 systems were installed, with a total generating capacity of 540kW


and also, the "national cumulative totals since 2001" of
2,836,124 systems were installed, with a total generating capacity of 6,194,621kW

with, also, from the CER,
"There were 7412 small - scale systems installed nationally in October, with a total capacity of 37 991 kW."

and

"88 solar PV systems had a concurrent battery storage installation in October."

And at
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ranked_list_of_states_and_territories_of_Australia
as at 17 November 2017, 1440WST (UTC+0800), was

" This is a list of Australian states and territories by ranking using Australian Bureau of Statistics population estimates.[1]
Rank (in order) State / Territory Population (Sept 2000) Population
(Sept 2017) Change % of Australian total
1 New South Wales 7,317,500 7,757,800 + 6.02% 32.03%
2 Victoria 5,640,900 6,039,100 + 7.05% 25.19%
3 Queensland 4,599,400 4,860,400 + 5.68% 20.07%
4 Western Australia 2,366,900 2,632,200 + 11.21% 10.87%
5 South Australia 1,659,800 1,710,800 + 3.07% 7.06%
6 Tasmania 511,000 519,800 + 1.72% 2.15%
7 Australian Capital Territory 366,900 398,300 + 8.56% 1.64%
8 Northern Territory 231,200 245,700 + 6.27% 1.01%
Total Australia 22,696,000 24,220,200 + 6.72% 100

The total Australian population above includes external territories with negligible populations, not listed.
"

From which, as at September 2017, the relative populations were
NSW 7,757,800
Victoria 6,039,100
Queensland 4,860,400
WA 2,632,200
SA 1,710,800
Tasmania 519,800
ACT 398,300
NT 245,700
Australia 24,220,200

Now, using those numbers, we have, for the month of October 2017, for
"small scale installations" (<=10kW),
WA 1857 systems for 2,632,200 people - > 70.549 per 100,000 people
NT 75 systems for 245,700 people - > 30.525 per 100,000 people
SA 717 systems for 1,710,800 people - > 41.910 per 100,000 people
Qld 1911 systems for 4,860,400 people - > 39.317 per 100,000 people
ACT 68 systems for 398,300 people - > 17.072 per 100,000 people
NSW 1679 systems for 7,757,800 people - > 21.642 per 100,000 people
Vic 977 systems for 6,039,100 people - > 16.177 per 100,000 people
Tas 128 systems for 519,800 people - > 24.624 per 100,000 people

The results of my calculations, are truncated, rather than rounded, but, as it affects only the fifth digit, in a five digit result, it has no significant effect on what is shown by the results.

Thus, my rankings, by state/territory, for October 2017, in Australia, for "small scale installations" (<=10kW), are:
WA 1857 systems for 2,632,200 people - > 70.549 per 100,000 people
SA 717 systems for 1,710,800 people - > 41.910 per 100,000 people
Qld 1911 systems for 4,860,400 people - > 39.317 per 100,000 people
NT 75 systems for 245,700 people - > 30.525 per 100,000 people
Tas 128 systems for 519,800 people - > 24.624 per 100,000 people
NSW 1679 systems for 7,757,800 people - > 21.642 per 100,000 people
ACT 68 systems for 398,300 people - > 17.072 per 100,000 people
Vic 977 systems for 6,039,100 people - > 16.177 per 100,000 people

Note: My ranking by state/territory, is performed on the basis of number of installations relative to population.



Added 24 November 2017

This relates to the report named the Green Energy Markets' latest Renewable Energy Index report, and it is referenced at
https://www.solarquotes.com.au/blog/small-solar-australia-mb0320/
which refers to the web page published at
http://greenmarkets.com.au/news-events/renewable-energy-index-october-2017
The report is published at
http://greenmarkets.com.au/images/uploads/Resources/RE_Index/Renewable_Energy_Index_-_Oct_2017.pdf .

The report presents information like an expanded version of the CER information above, but, the inferences and conclusions drawn from the report, and, the way that the data are presented, are a bit misleading.

Now that I have been able to download the "Green Energy Markets' latest Renewable Energy Index" report, I make the following observations, in addition to my previous observations, which related to the data from the "Clean Energy Regulator's take on October".

Populations of states and territories are sourced as for my last previous above post.

Regarding the graph in the report, that is "Figure 7: Small-scale solar PV systems installed by state - October 2017 " from the "Green Energy Markets' latest Renewable Energy Index" report; the numbers of systems installed for each state, are;

WA - 2908 systems for 2,632,200 people -> 110.477 per 100,000 people
SA - 1522 systems for 1,710,800 people - > 88.964 per 100,000 people
Qld - 3960 systems for 4,860,400 people - > 81.474 per 100,000 people
NT - 173 systems for 245,700 people -> 70.411 per 100,000 people
NSW & ACT - 4069 systems for 8,156,100 people - > 49.889 per 100,000 people
Tas - 255 systems for 519,800 people - > 49.057 per 100,000 people
Victoria - 2889 systems for 6,039,100 people -> 47.838 per 100,000 people

And, in the Green Energy Markets' latest Renewable Energy Index" report, Figure 8 is "Figure 8. Number of full-time equivalent (FTE) jobs by state in the installation and sale of rooftop solar PV systems installed over October 2017", and that gives the respective numbers of "full-time equivalent jobs by state", as

WA - 905 FTE for 2,632,200 people -> 34.381 FTE per 100,000 people
NT - 77 FTE for 245,700 people -> 31.339 FTE per 100,000 people
SA - 530 FTE for 1,710,800 people - > 30.979 FTE per 100,000 people
Qld - 1347 FTE for 4,860,400 people - > 27.713 FTE per 100,000 people
Victoria - 978 FTE for 6,039,100 people -> 16.194 FTE per 100,000 people
NSW & ACT - 1285 FTE for 8,156,100 people - > 15.755 FTE per 100,000 people
Tas - 70 FTE for 519,800 people - > 13.466 FTE per 100,000 people

So, I think that the statement from the "Green Energy Markets' latest Renewable Energy Index" report, that "Queensland led the states and territories in terms of rooftop solar installs and employment", is a bit misleading.

The statement "Queensland led the states and territories in terms of rooftop solar installs and employment" is a bit like making the claim that Australia is leading New Zealand in terms of renewable energy usage, due to Australia generating more kWh from "Renewables", than New Zealand, when as stated in the "Green Energy Markets' latest Renewable Energy Index" report,
"Renewables​ made up 20.3% of the​ electricity generated in Australia's main grids"
whereas, in New Zealand, I believe that it has been reported that 60% of New Zealnd's grid electricity is generated from clean energy, with a target of 100% in the next few years.

I have sent an email message to the publishers of the report, challenging the presentation of the data, for each of the ten graphs included in the report.



Added 19 November 2017

Over the last couple of days, I have posted the following posts on the Solar Quotes blog web page published at
https://www.solarquotes.com.au/blog/australia - coal - alliance - hg0460/
(timestamps of the posts, are AEST (UTC+1100)

1.
"
Bret Busby says:
November 18, 2017 at 7:09 am

At
http://www.armadale - wa.net/clean - energy.html
(this web page)
is

"
"The US states of Washington and Oregon have already signed up to the Power Past Coal Alliance."

As was (I believe) said, at the start of each episode of "The Six Million Dollar Man", from the 1970s,
"We have the resources. We have the technology."

But, unfortunately, in Australia, we have the LNP (Lunatic Neanderthal Parasites) feral government, that has the policy "Let them eat coal", and, is adamant that more coal needs to be mined, and, more coal power stations built, and, more electricity generation needs to be created using only the burning of coal, so that many more people can be deliberately poisoned and killed by the Australian parliaments.

"Coal - the Australian weapon of mass destruction"

Given that two USA states are named as having already signed up to the Power Past Coal Alliance, the question should be asked;
what, if any, Australian states will follow suit, and, also sign up to the alliance, and, sincerely act to end the use of combustion in generating electricity, completely replacing combustion - powered electricity generation, with clean electricity generation, by 2030?
"

and

"
In the report published at
https://www.solarquotes.com.au/blog/india - delhi - pollution - mb0296/
as viewed at 1816WST (UTC+0800) on 16 November 2017, was

"With regard to coal specifically, it has been reported to be responsible for an estimated 80,000 to 115,000 premature deaths in India annually."

Also, of note, is that, at
https://www.solarquotes.com.au/blog/coal - power - kills - mb0125/
as viewed at 1840WST (UTC+0800) on 16 November 2017, included

" The current and future impacts of climate change and its contribution to any death toll aside, coal is already doing very well at knocking off humanity in other ways. According to EndCoal, burning the little black (or brown) rock is responsible for more than 800,000 premature deaths annually around the world - just through air pollution.
In China - approximately 670,000 people die prematurely per year.
In India - estimated 80,000 to 115,000 premature deaths annually.
In the USA - approximately 13,000 people a year.
In Europe - 23,300 deaths annually.

Added to this toll are the millions of coal - related illnesses that create misery and impact on economies heavily.
A 2014 report from the Climate Council stated the adverse impacts from pollutants produced from coal - fired electricity generation in Australia cost this nation an estimated A$2.6 billion annually. Those figures related to a period when coal was still pretty much an unchallenged king in this country.
"

So, the question should be asked; how many people are being deliberately killed, each year, by the Australian state and federal governments, due to the mining and burning of coal?
"

Now, given that at
http://reneweconomy.com.au/solar - industry - launches - campaign - against - lnp - in - queensland - poll - 59401/
is

"
The Australian Solar Council - the peak body for the country's solar industry - has announced a major advertising campaign against the Liberal National Party coalition in the Queensland election campaign, saying the future of the industry is at stake.
"

a question need to be considered by the voters in Queensland, and, should be heavily publicised through advertising by the Australian Solar Council and all candidates and parties not affiliated to the LNP;
"How many deaths would be deliberately caused by the LNP winning government and having both a new coal fired power station and the Adani coal mine, built?"

And, a question needs to be considered and put to the Labor Party in Queensland;
"If the Labor Party wins a majority government in the state, will it follow the lead of the USA states of Washington and Oregon, and, defy the feral government and also sign up to the Power Past Coal Alliance, and, sincerely act to end the use of combustion in generating electricity, completely replacing combustion - powered electricity generation, with clean electricity generation, by 2030?

And, similarly, in each state of Australia (not including the Territories, because, while they may not like it, they are subordinate to the feral parliament), members of the voting public, should put the question to their respective members of their state parliaments; will the state government (and, in states facing general elections, the political parties, upon winning government), defy the feral government and also sign up to the Power Past Coal Alliance, and, sincerely act to end the use of combustion in generating electricity, completely replacing combustion - powered electricity generation, with clean electricity generation, by 2030?

The results of these actions, should be interesting.
"

2.
"
Bret Busby says:
November 18, 2017 at 8:13 am

One very significant point that should be considered, in all discussions and considerations, relating to use combustion - generated electricity (which includes burning coal to produce electricity), is that the transferral of energy from one form to another, is never 100% efficient - some energy "goes sideways" - it is wrong to say it is lost, as energy cannot be lost - it merely is not transferred 100% to the form that is desired.

Now, in the generation of electricity through combustion, that means that one transferral occurs in the burning of the coal to heat the water in the boilers. Another transferral occurs in the conversion of the heat energy to the mechanical energy, in the heated water turning the turbines. Another transferral occurs in the conversion of the mechanical energy to electrical energy. Then, the electrical energy goes merrily traipsing along the transmission line, dropping bits off as it goes (the longer the transmission lines, the greater the loss of electrical energy transmitted).

And, then, when it gets to an electric train, another transferral occurs, with the electrical energy being converted to mechanical energy, to turn the train wheels.

Now, what this all means, is that the "nice, clean, electric trains", unless they are solely powered by clean electricity, are a cause of far greater pollution and thence, poisoning, than either the old, visibly dirty, "steam engine locomotives", or, the "diesel locomotives" (which are, in fact, as I learnt at primary school, in a school tour of a train yard, for educational purposes, diesel - electric locomotives, as the locomotives are actually powered by electricity, which is generated from the diesel engines involved).

With the old, visibly dirty, "steam engine locomotives", people who used them, could see most of the pollution produced, at the locomotive, where the power is deployed.

But, with "electric trains", the pollution is simply elsewhere, so it is not so apparent where the trains are used.

But, where "electric trains" use electricity generated by combustion, they are really much worse, environmentally, than the old, visibly dirty, "steam engine locomotives", because they are less efficient, per ton of coal burned to power them, with all of the transferrals of energy that are involved, and, the pollution involved, is simply, an "out of sight, out of mind" scenario. But they are no more healthy than if you had to travel in horse drawn carts, with ankle - deep horse manure all over the roads, that you have to wade through, to mount and dismount your transport, and, ingest the particulate matter and smells.

So, the very important point that should be considered, in all discussions and considerations, relating to use combustion - generated electricity (which includes burning coal to produce electricity), is that "electric trains" are neither clean, nor environmentally friendly, unless the electricity that they use, is solely generated from clean energy, such as solar or wind power, or hydroelectric generation.

And that means that, in a state such as NSW, where as much as 90% (or more) of the electricity is generated from burning coal, the "electric trains" are as clean as swimming in a cesspool.

So, unless people like for them and their families to be swimming in cesspools, with ingesting the matter, people need to get electricity generation from combustion, especially, from burning coal, stopped.

And, the mining of coal, so as to allow it to be burnt, needs to be stopped.

It is really that simple.
"

3.
"
Bret Busby says:
November 18, 2017 at 5:38 pm

And, all of this, especially the question
" how many people are being deliberately killed, each year, by the Australian state and federal governments, due to the mining and burning of coal?"

and, the question
"what will YOU do to cause the federal parliament to sign up to the Power Past Coal Alliance, and, to sincerely act to end coal mining in Australia and to end the use of combustion in generating electricity, completely replacing combustion - powered electricity generation, with clean electricity generation, by 2030? "

should be publicly and emphatically raised with each of the candidates in the looming federal by - elections.

The Australian Solar Council, and, anyone interested in the future of Australia and its people, should be strongly taking up these two questions, with each candidate in the federal by - elections, and, in any subsequent federal elections, apart from in each of the coming state general elections.
"

4.
"
Bret Busby says:
November 19, 2017 at 6:02 pm

Oh, and, what I said about using electric trains, not being environmentally friendly while electricity is generated by combustion, applies to all things electrical.

If you think that using an electric car, or, an electric lawnmower, or an electric concrete mixer, or an electric stove, is being environmentally friendly. think again.

Unless you can guarantee that the electricity that they used, is generated solely by clean energy, combustion - free, electricity generation, then you would be better off (being more environmentally friendly), using equipment that is directly powered by burning diesel or coal or kerosene.

The sole difference (apart from the greater amount of pollution caused by using combustion powered electricity, due to the losses of efficiency caused by the transferrals of energy from one form to another, on the way from the combustion to the electricity usage), is that the filth and pollution generated, is removed from the point of use of the device, so as to be "out of sight, out of mind".

And, yes, I have seen and used (when I was a child), cooking stoves that burnt diesel, and some that burnt wood and coal, as the heat source. And, I have cooked using kerosene, and used kerosene lamps

Electrical devices, and the use of them, is not clean or environmentally friendly, unless the electricity used to power them, is generated solely from clean energy.

Having said all of that, whilst solar energy (where we convert solar radiation to electricity, through the use of such devices as photovoltaic panels,) appears clean, I would also not like to be at the source of that power; the sun. Whilst solar energy comes from a massive nuclear reactor (the sun), the difference is that, apart from it being even further away from the users, than the human - caused dirty fuel - powering, that nuclear reactor is generating its power, and, will generate its power, regardless of whether humans exist, and, regardless of whether humans use its power, whereas human - created nuclear electricity generation, and, human - created electricity generation from combustion, are simply wilful damage, wilful murder, and, wilful crimes against humanity, in the poisoning and other physical injury deliberately caused, which would not otherwise happen, if the human - created nuclear electricity generation, and, human - created electricity generation from combustion, were not built and being used.

So, if you are using electrical devices, like electric cars and electric lawnmowers and electric cooking stoves and electric concrete mixers, that are not powered solely by electricity generated from clean energy, before you switch them on, spare a thought for all of the people, for whose deaths and poisonings, YOU are responsible, and, for all of the environmental damage, for which, YOU are responsible.
"

5. And the post that did not get through...

At http://reneweconomy.com.au/lnp-one-nation-would-force-queensland-energy-prices-up-greens-alp-down-50071/
is

"
A new analysis of the energy policies presented by the major and smaller parties contesting the Queensland state election shows that the Greens would deliver the biggest electricity savings, Labor would also push prices down, while One Nation and the LNP policies would force prices to rise.

Energy has emerged as one of the key factors in the Queensland poll, which is proving impossible to predict because of the rise of One Nation, and the potential of both the Katter Party and The Greens to grab some seats.

The energy war is being fought on two levels: the LNP and One Nation are pushing for coal, and a new coal-fired generators, while the ALP and the Greens are focused on clean energy, and targets of at least 50 per cent renewables by 2030.
"

And at http://reneweconomy.com.au/coughing-up-for-coal-fired-power-44903/
is

"
By Dr James Whelan on 21 November 2017

Dawson MP George Christensen was recently reported saying he thinks it's fair if the federal government (ie. the taxpayer) 'coughs up' to get a new coal-fired power station to the investment stage.

If this uneconomic plan ever goes ahead, north Queensland residents will also be coughing up - literally.

EJA's coal and health team works with communities in the Hunter Valley, the NSW Central Coast and the Latrobe Valley who are affected by a whole host of health problems directly related to coal-fired electricity.

Our report, Toxic and terminal: How the regulation of coal-fired power stations fails Australian communities, is littered with stories of people who live with the burden of coal-fired power.
What does that burden feel like?
It feels like not being able to get enough air to breathe when you or your kids have an asthma attack. It feels like repeated, regular, throbbing headaches. It feels like nausea. It feels like respiratory disease, lung cancer, heart attacks and stroke. It means babies born with reduced birth weight. It means years of life lost.

Coal-fired power station pollution causes and contributes to all these conditions. Communities that live within 100 kilometres of coal-fired power plants know all about it.

These illnesses and irritations - not to mention the daily reality of having to wipe coal dust off every flat surface around and often inside your house - are part of life for tens of thousands of households in the Latrobe Valley, the NSW Central Coast and Gladstone because coal-fired power stations emit more than 30 toxic substances and are Australia's biggest source of fine particles, sulfur dioxide and oxides of nitrogen.
"

The BIG question is;

will the voters of Queensland, and, the voters in the federal by-elections, vote to deliberately kill and injure even more Australians and people outside Australia, and, vote to cause even more damage (both physical, and, to further damage Australia's reputation internationally), or, will the voters vote responsibly, and vote to stop expansion of the crimes against humanity, voting to stop further coal mines and to stop further coal-fired power stations, and, vote for transition to clean energy?

So, please consider these matters.



Added 20 November 2017

In the report published at
http://reneweconomy.com.au/networks-push-to-take-regional-consumers-communities-off-grid-27204/
as viewed at 1445WST (UTC+0800) on 20 November 2017, was

"
Western Power says it could save $388 million over the next 10 years if it could provide about 2,700 customers with solar, battery storage and back-up diesel generators rather than having to replacing ageing network assets. That is around $140,000 per customer.

It has already done trials with some rural customers in the Ravensthorpe, Lake King, Jerramungup, Lake Grace and Kondinin localities in the south of the state and it says the benefits have been outstanding.

Solar PV arrays were deliberately oversized to give customers greater comfort - and lithium batteries were sized to supply customers for two days if the sun wasn't shining.
"

So, usable capacity of two days of electricity usage, appears to be a good starting point for battery storage systems associated with rooftop domestivc photovoltaic systems, to provide electricity security (for on-grid connections; much more would be needed for off-grid connections, although, the backup usable storage capacity needed, could be reduced, by installing and using, wind turbine electicity generators, with adequate capacity).



Added 08 December 2017

In the report published at
http://reneweconomy.com.au/five-ways-cities-can-slash-carbon-pollution-right-now-97997/
as viewed at 1615WST (UTC+0800) on 08 December 2017, was

"
1. Net-zero buildings

One big step cities can take is to demand that all new buildings produce more energy than they consume.

Construction companies could achieve this feat by fitting new buildings with technologies that cut energy use - energy-efficient lights, energy-efficient heating and air conditioning, double-paned windows - as well as technologies that generate and store power - solar panels and lithium-ion batteries, for example.

"It's already cost-effective in many places now to make buildings, especially residences, net-zero-energy ready or, if the solar conditions work in their place, to make them net-zero-energy now," Corvidae said.

(Photograph on their web page not reproduced here) A home in Lancaster, CA with solar panels on the roof. In 2013, Republican-led Lancaster became the first U.S. city to require that new single-family homes come equipped with solar panels. Source: Revolt Electric
"

So, the question should be asked - if it can be done in "Republican-led Lancaster (California, USA)"; to "require that new single-family homes come equipped with solar panels", why is is not similarly being required by each authority that approves the construction of new dwellings, in Australia (and, any other country that has sufficient supply of solar energy), "that all new dwellings come equipped with solar panels (and, battery storage), with at least 1kW of solar panels for each bedroom of a dwelling, and, at least 3kWh of battery storage for each bedroom of a dwelling"?



Added 24 December2017

Here is a presentation of data for "small scale installations" (to which I would probably refer, as domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems installations) for the month of November 2017.

At
http://www.cleanenergyregulator.gov.au/PublishingImages/SRES%20media%20resource/November%202017/SRES-Map-Media-Update.jpg
as viewed at 0238WST (UTC+0800) on 24 December 2017,
is shown that for November 2017, in Australia, for "small scale installations" (<=10kW),
in
WA 1692 systems were installed, with a total generating capacity of 8414kW
NT 83 systems were installed, with a total generating capacity of 527kW
SA 773 systems were installed, with a total generating capacity of 4999kW
Qld 2511 systems were installed, with a total generating capacity of 14846kW
ACT 74 systems were installed, with a total generating capacity of 381kW
NSW 1773 systems were installed, with a total generating capacity of 9913kW
Vic 919 systems were installed, with a total generating capacity of 4098kW
Tas 110 systems were installed, with a total generating capacity of 486kW


and also, the "national cumulative totals since 2001" of
2,856,203 systems were installed, with a total generating capacity of 6,295,386kW

with, also, from the CER,
"There were 7944 small - scale systems installed nationally in November, with a total capacity of 43,664 kW."

and

"There were 164 solar PV systems that had a concurrent battery storage installation in November"
(Almost twice as many as for October - an 86% increase in the number of monthly battery storage installations)

I am again going to use the relative state and territory populations that I cited above for the October small systems installations; as at September 2017, the relative populations were
NSW 7,757,800
Victoria 6,039,100
Queensland 4,860,400
WA 2,632,200
SA 1,710,800
Tasmania 519,800
ACT 398,300
NT 245,700
Australia 24,220,200

Now, using those numbers, we have, for the month of November 2017, for
"small scale installations" (<=10kW),
WA 1692 systems for 2,632,200 people - > 64.281 per 100,000 people
NT 83 systems for 245,700 people - > 33.781 per 100,000 people
SA 773 systems for 1,710,800 people - > 45.184 per 100,000 people
Qld 2511 systems for 4,860,400 people - > 51.662 per 100,000 people
ACT 74 systems for 398,300 people - > 18.579 per 100,000 people
NSW 1773 systems for 7,757,800 people - > 22.854 per 100,000 people
Vic 919 systems for 6,039,100 people - > 15.217 per 100,000 people
Tas 119 systems for 519,800 people - > 22.893 per 100,000 people

The results of my calculations, are truncated, rather than rounded, but, as it affects only the fifth digit, in a five digit result, it has no significant effect on what is shown by the results.

Thus, my rankings, by state/territory, for November 2017, in Australia, for "small scale installations" (<=10kW), are:
WA 1692 systems for 2,632,200 people - > 64.281 per 100,000 people
Qld 2511 systems for 4,860,400 people - > 51.662 per 100,000 people
SA 773 systems for 1,710,800 people - > 45.184 per 100,000 people
NT 83 systems for 245,700 people - > 33.781 per 100,000 people
Tas 119 systems for 519,800 people - > 22.893 per 100,000 people
NSW 1773 systems for 7,757,800 people - > 22.854 per 100,000 people
ACT 74 systems for 398,300 people - > 18.579 per 100,000 people
Vic 919 systems for 6,039,100 people - > 15.217 per 100,000 people

Note: My ranking by state/territory, is performed on the basis of number of installations relative to population.



Also added 24 December 2017

A person looking at the roof of our home, will see that we have two domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems, totalling about 5kW of maximum possible generating capacity. These were supplied and installed at about the end of 2013 / start of 2014. They were supplied and installed by a company named Express Solar. The web page published at
http://diamondenergy.com.au/express-solar-customers/
and the linked document, show that Express Solar has been liquidated as of June 2017. Despite the documentation published there, claiming that customers of Experess Solar, would be contacted, within "the next few weeks" of the start of June, 2017, we have not been contacted about this. The company that took over the remnants of Express Solar; Diamond Energy, has been contacted about this, with questions such as what now happens regarding warranty coverage on the systems supplied and installed by Express Solar. I am awaiting a response. Diamond Energy, unlike Express Solar, appears to have no presence or representation, in Western Australia.

I have now found that email sent to Diamond Energy has been bounced with the error message "User Unknown", so, Diamond Energy appears to have also disappeared.

I note that the web site for Diamond Energy, does not state that Diamond Energy is a CEC accredited retailer.
See
https://www.solarquotes.com.au/blog/cec-installers-retailers-members ,
and,
https://www.solaraccreditation.com.au/retailers/approved-solar-retailers.html .

The bottom line is that, whilst our systems, and, the installations, seem to be okay, so far, as the company that was responsible, has disappeared, possibly along with any warranty coverage, I believe, now that I know that the accreditation exists, that using a Clean Energy Council Approved Solar Retailer, would be a far safer option.

Added 24 December 2017 - One of our photovoltaic systems has failed, and, the other has deteriorated performance.The inverters (Rewatt) appear to have failed, and Diamond Energy apparently no longer exists, and Rewatt does not have a presence in Australia, so the warranties for our photovoltaic systems, which are still "in warranty", are not worth the paper on which they are written.

So, warranties on domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems, at this stage, appear to be not worth the paper on which they are written, as, under "Australian Consumer Law", as cited by the Western Australian debilitated replacement for a department of consumer protection, when domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems fail, regardless of whether they are subject to warranty, and, regardless of whether they are "fit for purpose", or, "of merchantable quality", the official stance of the Australian "consumer protection", is "tough luck, sucker, you lose".



Added 29 December 2017

Below is a copy of the content of a submission that I posted to the Solar Quotes blog web page about problems with warranties, and, relates to the problem with (the lack of enforceable) warranties on domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems in Australia.

"
The warranty problem is further aggravated by a communication that I have just received, in the course of seeking quotes to replace the failed and failing systems.

One system has died after 34 months, and the other is deteriorating after 50 months, with the 60 month inverter warranties being not worth the paper on which they are written, according to the WA department of mines (where the current WA state government buried its burnt remains of the WA consumer protection department, after the current WA state government cremated consumer protection in WA).

And, this is aggravated by the response to a request for a quote for replacing the faulty systems;

"
we do not decommission existing systems and we cannot claim govt rebate if you where (sic) to decommission an existing system and go for a new one as you have already claimed the rebate once
"

So, the official stance of the current WA state government and federal government, regarding faulty domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems, appears to be

"Tough bikkies - you lose, sucker. This is Australia - warranties mean nothing. And, clean energy usage is not welcome in WA or otherwise in Australia"
"

because, when domestic rooftop systems fail, especially, within the Australian (fraudulently misrepresented, as they have no effect) warranties, we are apparently not allowed to replace them using government rebates, so, we are doubly penalised by governments that have eliminated consumer protection in Australia, and, that have made it clear that the use of clean energy, especially, using photovoltaice electricity generation, is not welcome in Australia.

So, in Australia, due to maladministration in the different levels of government, and, antipathy in the different levels of government, apparently, getting domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems installed, and, seeking to use electricity generated by them, is like betting the money on a roulette wheel - you may break even, you may come out ahead, but, the chances are against it, and, the chances are simply that you will lose the money that you have invested in good faith, to try to reduce household expenses, and, to reduce further damage to the environment and to other lives on the planet, as the governments have rigged the odds, against the consumer, so as to cause the most possible harm.

And, so, we are not even allowd to remove the non-functional systems - we are simply left with non-operational domestic rooftop photovoltaic systems, as ornaments, serving no useful purpose, because the governments decided that we are not allowed to repair them, replace them, or, have them removed, when the systems die after a couple of years.



Added 22 February 2016

Whilst the above material, relates to primarily promoting the use of solar energy, the author and this document and this web site, also strongly support and advocate the expansion of other forms of clean energy usage, including wind energy and hydroelectric energy, to replace the production of energy through combustion and nuclear reactions.

Added 11 April 2016

Remember: Increasing solar energy usage, increases paid employment involved in manufacturing and installing solar energy usage system components, which now include battery systems for storing electricity generated from solar energy, and, increasing solar energy usage, reduces household energy bills, and so cuts household costs, and, is good for the environment.

So, ask all of your state and federal members of each house of parliament, and, all of the candidates for each, what they are doing, and, what they will do, if elected, to encourage and assist in increasing the usage of solar energy, and, making it accessible to every household. Your vote counts.



This web page is authorised and published by Bret Busby, 2 Pelham Street, Armadale.

I can be contacted by email, regarding this web page by clicking on the link at Bret



This web page was last updated on 29 December 2017.